Android OS Version History

Android is the most popular mobile operating system developed by Google based on the Linux kernel and designed primarily for touch-screen mobile devices such as smartphones and tablet .The first commercial version   Android 1.0  was released in September 2008. Android has a great journey of 5 year and in this journey we see many updates in Android versions.

In this post we shall see  Version number , API Level , Nick Name ,Release Date and Features for each of the android versions .

1. Alpha

Version 1.0
API Level 1
Nickname  No Name  
Release Date  September 2008

  • Allows to download and update the application from android market.
  • Web browser to show, zoom and pan full HTML, X HTML web pages .
  • This Version is Packed with great internet serviced based apps like Gmail , Gtalk,Google maps ,Google Search and many more app likes media players ,bluetooth support and wifi .

2. Beta

Version 1.1
API Level 2
Nickname  No Name  
Release Date   February 2009   

  •  The Update Resolved bugs which were found in version 1.0

3. Cupcake

Android  Cupcake

Version 1.5
API Level 3
Nickname Cupcake
Release Date  April 2009 

  •  Supports Keyboard predictions
  •  Widgets are introduced in this version 
  •  Auto-rotation option
  •  Animated Screen Transition 
  •  Media Support for video recording and playback in MPEG-4 and 3GP formats
  •  Ability to uploads videos to youtube
  •  Ability to upload photos to picasa.

4. Donut

Android Donut

Version 1.6
API Level 4
Nickname Donut
Release Date  September 2009 

  • Text to speech technology is introduced. 
  • Support for WVGA screen resolutions.
  • Speed improvements in searching and camera applications.
  • Ability for users to select multiple photos for deletion.
  • Gallery, camera and camcorder more fully integrated, with faster camera access.

5. Eclair

Android Eclair

Version 1.6
API Levels 5 , 6 , 7
Nickname  Eclairs 
Release Date  October 2009  

  • Expanded Account sync allowing users to add mulitple accounts to device for synchronization.
  •  Live wallpapers were introduced in this version.
  •  Ability to search all saved SMS and MMS messages.
  •  Improvement in Google Maps.
  •  The Web Browser is refreshed with thumbnail ,double tap zoom and support for HTML 5 features. 
  •  Camera Features like flash, digital zoom, white balance and colour effects are including in camera settings.

6. Froyo

Android Froyo

Version 2.2 - 2.2.3 
API Level 8
Nickname Froyo
Release Date    May 2010   

  •  Speed, memory, and performance optimizations.
  •  Adobe Flash Player Support.
  •  USB tethering and Wi-Fi hotspot functionality.
  •  Updated Market application with batch and automatic update features.
  •  Support for Bluetooth-enabled car and desk docks.
  •  Gallery allows users to view picture stacks using a zoom gesture.

7. Gingerbread

Android Gingerbread

Version 2.3-2.3.2
API Levels 9 , 10
Nickname  Gingerbread  
Release Date   December 2010 

  •  Support for a front-facing camera for video calling .
  •  Support for Near Field Communication (NFC) .
  •  New Download Manager, giving users easy access to any file downloaded from the browser, email, or another application .
  •  Audio, graphical, and input enhancements for game developers .

Note : Drawable Image Resource are handled very typically in android prior to honeycomb version they are stored in native memory and then from honeycomb and above version they are stored in heap memory

8. Honeycomb

Android Honeycomb
Version  3.0 - 3.2  
API Levels 11 , 12 , 13
Nickname   Honeycomb 
Release Date   February 2011 

  •  This version is Optimized to Support tablets. 
  •  UI refinements.
  •  Keyboard Redesigned.
  •  Better 3D Support.
  •  Support for video chat using Google Talk.
  •  Multiple browser tabs.
  •  Improved Adobe Flash support in browser.

9. Ice Cream Sandwich

Android Ice Cream Sandwich
Version  4.0.3 - 4.0.4
API Levels 14 , 15
Nickname  Ice Cream Sandwich 
Release Date October 2011

  •  Face recognition for unlocking your phone.
  •  Calendar provider enhancements to support zoom functionality.
  •  Integrated screenshot capture (now accomplished by holding down the Power and Home buttons).
  •  Easy to create folders in drag and drop manner.

10. Jelly Bean

Android Jelly Bean
Version 4.1 - 4.3
API Levels  16 , 17 , 18 
Nickname Jelly Bean
Release Date July 2012

  •  Many security enhancements, performance . enhancements, and bug fixes are found in this version .
  •  Improvement in UI to make it faster and smooth .
  •  Improvement in notification ,such as photos or subject lines in emails.
  •  Group Messaging.

11. Kitkat

Android Kitkat
Version 4.4
API Level 19
Nickname kitkat
Release Date  October 2013 

  • Impressive display that will hide everything while reading or watching a movie .
  • Kit Kat includes a new way to browse for and pick files.
  • Email App Improvements .
  • Introduced a printing framework .
  • Android KitKat is optimizated to work on devices with as little as 512MB of RAM .
  • KitKat includes a new way to browse for and pick files called file picker this supports both local, on-device storage and cloud storage services like google drive .


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  2. Android 1.0 and 1.1 were not called Alpha and Beta. See the answer by Brian Swetland at:

  3. Initially Android V 1.0 and 1.1 actually does'nt have any nick name , so it's called to be alpha beta